ME Research a History Pt. I: Citations

Created by Bob (Phoenix Rising Forums)

The main purpose of this page  is to collate literature related to the historical ‘ME’ definitions and outbreaks. So we are focusing on research before 1990, which is a couple of years after the CDC invented the CFS criteria…And we are especially collating research relating with the 63 (?) documented ME outbreaks.

We are also adding some other interesting research literature and info relating to CFS which has ramifications for historical ME. Some relevent and interesting research and information relating to ‘CFS’ definitions is also included.

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Historical ME Research Literature and other information

Contents

Section 1 - Historical ME Research Literature

  •  articles listed by date author/outbreak
  • Work by Byron Hyde

Section 2 - Definitions/Books/Related Research/etc. 

  • Historical ME definitions and descriptions
  • Books relating to ‘ME’
  • Related Research Literature
  • Related ‘CFS’ Research Literature
  • ‘CFS’ Definitions
  • Other related information
  • Related Phoenix Rising forum discussions
  • Other Resources
  • How to find an article using a DOI reference

Royal Free controversy: McEvedy and Beard

  • McEvedy and Beard papers
  •  Correspondence in response to McEvedy and Beard

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Historical ME Research Literature

List of 63 epidemic outbreaks of ME:
http://www.name-us.org/ResearchPages…M.E._Epidemics

Reference index of papers published on epidemics of ME 1934-80 (collected by Dr J. Gordon Parish)
(Articles from Dr J. Gordon Parish’s comprehensive index have not been systematically added to this wiki page – Readers should also refer to Parish’s list, if appropriate to their needs.)
http://www.meresearch.org.uk/informa…s1934-1980.pdf

Articles Listed by Date

1937

ACUTE ANTERIOR POLIOMYELITIS: GYNECOLOGIC SYMPTOMS
By DWIGHT D. YOUNG, M.D. Los Angeles
“DISCUSSION by Donald G. Tollefson, M. D., Los les; Margaret Ange- Schulze, M. D., San Francisco; L. A. Emge, M. D., San Francisco.”
CALIFORNIA AND WESTERN MEDICINE Vol.47, No.2 August 1937
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00378-0019.pdf

1954

Iceland disease: a new infection simulating acute anterior poliomyelitis. [article]
Neurology. 4(7):506-516, July 1954.
http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/sp-3.4.1b/…CHANNEL=PubMed (need to sign in)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13176669 (need to sign in)

1956

CLINICAL FINDINGS SIX YEARS AFTER OUTBREAK OF AKUREYRI DISEASE 
Bjöbn Sigurdsson Dr. med. Iceland, DIRECTOR, INSTITUTE FOR EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ICELAND, REYKJAVÍK and KjartanR. Gudmundsson, Laeknir, Iceland CLINICAL
NEUROLOGIST, REYKJAVÍK, Islande
The Lancet Volume 267, Issue 6926, 26 May 1956, Pages 766-767
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…40673656912363 (need to sign in / purchase)

Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis (Akureyri disease, Iceland disease) 
Russell J. Blattner
The Journal of Pediatrics Volume 49, Issue 4 , Pages 504-506, October 1956
http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3…241-2/abstract (need to sign in)

1957

Epidemiological aspects of an outbreak of encephalomyelitis at the Royal Free Hospital, London, in the summer of 1955
Nuala Crowley, Merran Nelson, and Sybille Stovin 1957
J Hyg (Lond). 1957 March; 55(1): 102–122.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2217874/

VIRUS MENINGITIS AND ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL APRIL 6, 1957
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…03149-0047.pdf

An Outbreak of Encephalomyelitis in the Royal Free Hospital Group, London, in 1955
by THE MEDICAL STAFF OF THE ROYAL FREEHOSPITAL
Br Med J 1957;2:895 (Published 19 October 1957)
http://www.bmj.com/content/2/5050/895.full.pdf

An Outbreak of Acute Infective Encephalomyelitis in a Residential Home for Nurses in 1956
Dennis Geffen and Susan M. Tracy
Br Med J. 1957 October 19; 2(5050): 904–906.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1962504/

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — An Outbreak of Poliomyelitis-like Illness in Student Nurses
Alexis Shelokov, M.D., Karl Habel, M.D., Elizabeth Verder, Ph.D.§, and William Welsh, M.D.
N Engl J Med 1957; 257:345-355 August 22, 1957
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM195708222570801 (need to sign in)

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — An Outbreak in Punta Gorda, Florida 
David C. Poskanzer, M.D., Donald A. Henderson, M.D., E. Charles Kunkle, M.D., Seymour S. Kalter, Ph.D., Walter B. Clement, M.D., and James O. Bond, M.D., M.P.H.
N Engl J Med 1957; 257:356-364 August 22, 1957
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056…95708222570802 (need to sign in)

1959

The Clinical Syndrome Variously Called Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, Iceland Disease and Epidemic Neuromyasthenia
ED Acheson, American Journal of Medicine, 1959
http://www.meresearch.org.uk/informa…son_AmJMed.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13637100

Epidemic neuromyasthenia
Joseph F Fraumeni JR MD Durham NC 1959
Southern Medical Journal. 52(10):1192-1197, October 1959.
http://journals.lww.com/smajournalon…sthenia.6.aspx
http://journals.lww.com/smajournalon…59&issue=10000

Epidemic neuromyasthenia
Southern Medical Journal: June 1959 – Volume 52 – Issue 6 – ppg 755
http://journals.lww.com/smajournalon…thenia.27.aspx

Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis: an outbreak in a nurses’ school in Athens.
DAIKOS GK, GARZONIS S, PALEOLOGUE A, BOUSVAROS GA, PAPADOYANNAKIS N.
Lancet. 1959 Apr 4;1(7075):693-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13642848 (need to sign in)

Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelopathy: the Durban outbreak.
HILL RC, CHEETHAM RW, WALLACE HL.
Lancet. 1959 Apr 4;1(7075):689-93
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13642847 (need to sign in)

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — Clinical Syndrome?
Donald A. Henderson, M.D.†, and Alexis Shelokov, M.D.
N Engl J Med 1959; 260:757-764April 9, 1959
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056…95904092601506 (need to sign in)

1961

BENIGN MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS IN NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
J. Hope Pool et al. 1961
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…d&searchtype=a (subscription needed)

1964

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia – Outbreak in a Convent in New York State
Robert M. Albrecht, MD, MPH; Virginia L. Oliver, MD, MPH; David C. Poskanzer, MD, MPH
JAMA. 1964;187(12):904-907. doi: 10.1001/jama.1964.03060250022005
The Journal of the American Medical Association
http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/187/12/904.short (need to sign in)

1965

Epidemic neuromyasthenia the sporadic form
George W Holt 1965
American Journal of the Medical Sciences: January 1965 – Volume 219 – Issue 1 – ppg 98-112
http://journals.lww.com/amjmedsci/Ci…c_Form.16.aspx

1967

AN OUTBREAK OF NEUROMYASTHENIA IN A KENTUCKY FACTORY-THE POSSIBLE ROLE OF A BRIEF EXPOSURE TO ORGANIC MERCURY
Am. J. Epidemiol. (1967) 86(3): 756-764
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/86/3/756.full.pdf (need to sign in)

1972

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia – A Syndrome or Disease?
Maj John R. Graybill, USAF, MC; Capt Joseph Silva Jr., USAF, MC; Capt Maureen S. O’Brien, USAF, NC; Lt Col James A. Reinarz, USAF, MC
JAMA. 1972;219(11):1440-1443.
The Journal of the American Medical Association
http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/219/11/1440.short (need to sign in)

1974

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia [letter]
J. GORDON PARISH Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, St. Mary’s Hospital, Colchester, Essex
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 4 MAY 1974
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…1975-0054b.pdf

1978

Early outbreaks of ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’
J. GORDON PARISH M.D., F.R.C.P. (C), D. Phys. Med. 1978
Passmore Edwards Medical Rehabilitation Centre, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 711 -717
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0008.pdf

‘Epidemic neuromyasthenia’ 1955-1978
A. MELVIN RAMSAY M.A., M.D. Infectious Diseases Department, Royal Free Hospital, London 1978
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0015.pdf

Epidemiological approaches to ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’: syndromes of unknown aetiology (epidemic myalgic encephalopathies) 
MAIR THOMAS M.B., B.Sc., F.R.C.Path., M.F.C.M., D.P.H. 1978
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 768-770
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0065.pdf

Disease due to echovirus type 19 in Birmingham, England, 1975: relationship to ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’ 
A. P. BALL B.Sc., M.B., Ch.B., M.R.C.P.(U.K.)
Department of Communicable and Tropical Diseases, East Birmingham Hospital, Birmingham B9 5ST
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 737-740
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0034.pdf

Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelitis
Br Med J. 1978 June 3; 1(6125): 1436–1437
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 3 JUNE 1978
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…604957/?page=1
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…0128-0006b.pdf

Ill defined neurological diseases of possible viral origin 
R. N. P. SUTTON M.A., D.M., D.Sc., M.R.C.Path., D.C.H.
Withington Hospital, Department of Virology, Manchester M20 8LR
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 747-751
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0044.pdf

Session I—Accounts of Outbreaks: ‘Epidemic neuromyasthenia’, Texas, 1977 
A. Shelokov, D. M. Currie, M. Nelson
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:741 doi:10.1136/pgmj.54.637.741
Postgraduate Medical Journal
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/741.citation (need to sign in)

Electromyographic studies of patients with Epidemic Neuromyasthenia at the Royal Free Hospital.
Richardson A. T.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rheumatology, Royal Free Hospital, London.
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:745 doi:10.1136/pgmj.54.637.745 Session II—Avenues for Exploration
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/745.extract (need to sign in)

Post-infectious encephalomyelitis: some aetiological mechanisms.
P. O. Behan
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:755-759
Postgraduate Medical Journal
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/755.abstract (need to sign in)

Repetitive stimulation abnormalities in Epidemic Neuromyasthenia Identification and implications
DM Currie A Shelokov
University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, Texas.
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:746
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 746
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/746.1.extract (need to sign in)

1981

MYOGLOBINAEMIA IN BENIGN MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS (Letters to the Editor)
RobertB. Layzer Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, U.S.A..
The Lancet Volume 317, Issue 8221, 21 March 1981, Page 670
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…40673681915919 (need to sign in)

WAS IT BENIGN MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS? (letters to the editor)
C. S. Goodwin, PeterG. R. May, StuartP. B. Donnan, JohnR. Ashton, MarieM. Ogilvie and ChristopherJ. Rolles
(Department of Microbiology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth 6000, Western Australia)
(Shirley Health Centre, Southampton SO9 3ZA and Southampton General Hospital, United Kingdom)
The Lancet Volume 317, Issue 8210, 3 January 1981, Pages 37-38
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(81)90134-3
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…40673681901343 (need to sign in)

1983

Myalgic encephalomyelitis.report of an epidemic
K. G. FEGAN, mb, drcoc, P. O. BEHAN, md, frcp, facp, E. J. BELL, PH.D, MRC.PATH.
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, June 1983
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00078-0017.pdf

Sporadic myalgic encephalomyelitis in a rural practice
B. D. KEIGHLEY,mb, mrccp General Practitioner, Balfron, Stirlingshire
E. J. BELL, PH.D, MRC.PATH. Top Grade Virologist, Regional Virus Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, June 1983
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00078-0021.pdf

Post Viral Neurological Syndromes (correspondence)
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 287 : 1717 doi: 10.1136/bmj.287.6406.1717-b
BMJ (Published 3 December 1983)
http://www.bmj.com/content/287/6406/1717.3.extract (need to sign in)

1984

Coxsackie B infection in a Scottish general practice
B. D. CALDER, MB, MRCGP General Practitioner, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire
P. J. WARNOCK, B.SC, MB Surgeon Lieutenant, Royal Navy; Trainee General Practitioner, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, January 1984
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00169-0017.pdf

A study of Coxsackie B virus infections, 1972-1983
ELEANOR J. BELL AND ROBERT A. McCARTNEY Regional Virus Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow G20 9NB
Received 23 March 1984; accepted 19 April 1984
J. Hyg., Camb. (1984), 93, 197-203
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00014-0036.pdf

1985

Raphe nucleus encephalopathy (myalgic encephalomyelitis, epidemic neuromyasthenia) 
Charles P. Maurizi
Department of Pathology, Medical Center of Central Georgia, Macon, Georgia 31208, USA
Medical Hypotheses Volume 16, Issue 4, April 1985, Pages 351-354
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…06987785900532 (need to sign in)

1986

MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS: A Baffling Syndrome With a Tragic Aftermath
A. Melvin Ramsay M.D., Hon Consultant Physician,
Infectious Diseases Dept., Royal Free Hospital
(Pub. 1986)
http://www.meactionuk.org.uk/ramsey.html
http://myalgic-encephalomyelitis.com…say.html#BAFFL

The Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Syndrome
A. Melvin Ramsay M.A. M.D. 1986(?)
http://myalgic-encephalomyelitis.com…msay.html#mono
http://www.hfme.org/wramsay.htm

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Postviral Fatigue States: The saga of Royal Free disease [Book]
A. Melvin Ramsay 1986 (1st edition)
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Myalgic-Ence…/dp/0906923999
http://www.amazon.com/Myalgic-enceph…/dp/0906923999
http://www.meassociation.org.uk/?page_id=1285

Blood Rheology and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: A Pilot Study
Leslie O. Simpson1†, B. I. Shand1 and R. J. Olds1 1Pathology Department, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
Pathology 1986, Vol. 18, No. 2 , Pages 190-192
http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs…13028609059457 (need to sign in)

1987

Coxsackie B viruses and the post-viral syndrome: a prospective study in general practice 
B.D. CALDER, MRCGP RJ. WARNOCK, BSc, MRCGP R.A. McCARTNEY, FIMLS E.J. BELL, BSc, PhD, MRCPath
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, January 1987
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00025-0020.pdf

Royal free disease: perplexity continues [Research Article]
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 294 : 327 doi: 10.1136/bmj.294.6568.327
(Published 7 February 1987)
http://www.bmj.com/content/294/6568/327.extract (need to sign in)

1988

Coxsackie B viruses and myalgic encephalomyelitis
E J Bell PhD MRCPath R A McCartney FIMLS M H Riding BSc MSc Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow G20 9NB
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Volume 81 June 1988
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00161-0023.pdf

Postviral fatigue syndrome: persistence of enterovirus RNA in muscle and elevated creatine kinase
L C Archard PhD N E Bowles BSc Department of Biochemistry, Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School, London P 0 Behan MD FRCP Department of Neurology, Glasgow University E J Bell PhD MRCPath Enterovirus Reference Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow D Doyle MD Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow 1988
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Volume 81 June 1988 (Accepted 9 March 1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00161-0020.pdf

AKUREYRI DISEASE (MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS), FORTY YEARS LATER
Byron Hyde , Sverrir Bergmann
The Lancet, Volume 332, Issue 8621, Pages 1191 – 1192, 19 November 1988
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/la…55-3/fulltext# (need to sign in)

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
Neil Gordon
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
Volume 30, Issue 5, pages 677–682, October 1988
Article first published online: 12 NOV 2008
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1…808.x/abstract (need to sign in)

The Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Syndrome
J C MURDOCH
Family Practice 1988; 5: 302–306.
http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/content/5/4/302.short (need to sign in)

1990

Myalgic encephalomyelitis a persistent enteroviral infection?
E.G. Dowsettl, A.M. Ramsay, R.A. McCartney and E.J. Bell 1990
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00163-0031.pdf
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/66/777/526.full.pdf

1994

A Comparative Review of Systemic and Neurological Symptomatology in 12 Outbreaks Collectively Described as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Epidemic Neuromyasthenia, and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
Nathaniel C. Briggs and Paul H. Levine 1994
http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/conten…ent_1/S32.long (subscription needed)

Concurrent Sick Building Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Epidemic Neuromyasthenia Revisited
Alexander C. Chester and Paul H. Levine 1994
http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/conten…1/S43.full.pdf (subscription needed)

INFECTIOUS VENULITIS. CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME. MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
Erich D. Ryll, M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious & Immunologic Diseases, University of California, Davis
ca. 1994
(From Dr. Ryll’s information for his patients)
http://c4jrme.110mb.com/supplement223.htm

Anxiety disorders: a result of long-term chronic fatigue – the psychiatric characteristics of the sufferers of Iceland disease. [Article]
Líndal E, Bergmann S, Thorlacius S, Stefánsson JG.
Department of Psychiatry, National University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland.
Lindal, E. 1; Bergmann, S. 2; Thorlacius, S. 2; Stefansson, J. G. 1
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 96(3):158-162, September 1997.
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica Volume 96, Issue 3, pages 158–162, September 1997
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9300068 (need to sign in)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1…259.x/abstract (need to sign in)

1999

The Epidemiology of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) in the UK – 1919-1999
EG Dowsett J Richardson 1999
(Evidence submitted to the All Party Parliamentary Group of Members of Parliament, EG Dowsett J Richardson. 23 Nov 1999)
http://www.25megroup.org/infomedical…ogy_of_me.html

2001

THE LATE EFFECTS OF ME – Can they be distinguished from the Post-polio syndrome?
Dr. E.G. Dowsett MBChB, Dip Bact. Honorary Consultant Microbiologist, Basildon and Thurrock Hospitals NHS Trust.
(Originally a Presentation to the All Party Group of MPs on ME/PPS on 31st January 2001.)
http://www.ott.zynet.co.uk/polio/lin…effectsme.html

2002

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: Guidelines for Doctors REVIEW
John Richardson, MB BS
Journal: J of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Vol. 10(1) 2002, pp. 65-80
http://www.name-us.org/DefintionsPag…Guidelines.pdf

2007

Nightingale Definition of ME (unpublished)
Byron Hyde 2007
http://www.nightingale.ca/documents/…inition_en.pdf

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Articles Listed by Author

Acheson

The Clinical Syndrome Variously Called Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, Iceland Disease and Epidemic Neuromyasthenia
ED Acheson, American Journal of Medicine, 1959
http://www.meresearch.org.uk/informa…son_AmJMed.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13637100

Albrecht

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia – Outbreak in a Convent in New York State
Robert M. Albrecht, MD, MPH; Virginia L. Oliver, MD, MPH; David C. Poskanzer, MD, MPH
JAMA. 1964;187(12):904-907. doi: 10.1001/jama.1964.03060250022005
The Journal of the American Medical Association
http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/187/12/904.short (need to sign in)

Archard

Postviral fatigue syndrome: persistence of enterovirus RNA in muscle and elevated creatine kinase 
L C Archard PhD N E Bowles BSc Department of Biochemistry, Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School, London P 0 Behan MD FRCP Department of Neurology, Glasgow University E J Bell PhD MRCPath Enterovirus Reference Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow D Doyle MD Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow 1988
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Volume 81 June 1988 (Accepted 9 March 1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00161-0020.pdf

Ball

Disease due to echovirus type 19 in Birmingham, England, 1975: relationship to ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’ 
A. P. BALL B.Sc., M.B., Ch.B., M.R.C.P.(U.K.)
Department of Communicable and Tropical Diseases, East Birmingham Hospital, Birmingham B9 5ST
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 737-740
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0034.pdf

Behan

Post-infectious encephalomyelitis: some aetiological mechanisms.
P. O. Behan
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:755-759
Postgraduate Medical Journal
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/755.abstract (need to sign in)

Bell E. J.

Coxsackie B viruses and myalgic encephalomyelitis
E J Bell PhD MRCPath R A McCartney FIMLS M H Riding BSc MSc Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow G20 9NB
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Volume 81 June 1988
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00161-0023.pdf

Sporadic myalgic encephalomyelitis in a rural practice
B. D. KEIGHLEY,mb, mrccp General Practitioner, Balfron, Stirlingshire
E. J. BELL, PH.D, MRC.PATH. Top Grade Virologist, Regional Virus Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, June 1983
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00078-0021.pdf

A study of Coxsackie B virus infections, 1972-1983
ELEANOR J. BELL AND ROBERT A. McCARTNEY Regional Virus Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow G20 9NB
Received 23 March 1984; accepted 19 April 1984
J. Hyg., Camb. (1984), 93, 197-203
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00014-0036.pdf

Coxsackie B viruses and the post-viral syndrome: a prospective study in general practice 
B.D. CALDER, MRCGP RJ. WARNOCK, BSc, MRCGP R.A. McCARTNEY, FIMLS E.J. BELL, BSc, PhD, MRCPath
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, January 1987
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00025-0020.pdf

Bergmann

AKUREYRI DISEASE (MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS), FORTY YEARS LATER
Byron Hyde , Sverrir Bergmann
The Lancet, Volume 332, Issue 8621, Pages 1191 – 1192, 19 November 1988
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/la…55-3/fulltext# (need to sign in)

Anxiety disorders: a result of long-term chronic fatigue – the psychiatric characteristics of the sufferers of Iceland disease. [Article]
Líndal E, Bergmann S, Thorlacius S, Stefánsson JG.
Department of Psychiatry, National University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland.
Lindal, E. 1; Bergmann, S. 2; Thorlacius, S. 2; Stefansson, J. G. 1
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 96(3):158-162, September 1997.
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica Volume 96, Issue 3, pages 158–162, September 1997
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9300068 (need to sign in)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1…259.x/abstract (need to sign in)

Blattner

Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis (Akureyri disease, Iceland disease) 
Russell J. Blattner
The Journal of Pediatrics Volume 49, Issue 4 , Pages 504-506, October 1956
http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3…241-2/abstract (need to sign in)

Calder

Coxsackie B infection in a Scottish general practice
B. D. CALDER, MB, MRCGP General Practitioner, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire
P. J. WARNOCK, B.SC, MB Surgeon Lieutenant, Royal Navy; Trainee General Practitioner, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, January 1984
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00169-0017.pdf

Coxsackie B viruses and the post-viral syndrome: a prospective study in general practice 
B.D. CALDER, MRCGP RJ. WARNOCK, BSc, MRCGP R.A. McCARTNEY, FIMLS E.J. BELL, BSc, PhD, MRCPath
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, January 1987
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00025-0020.pdf

Charles P.

Raphe nucleus encephalopathy (myalgic encephalomyelitis, epidemic neuromyasthenia)
Charles P. Maurizi
Department of Pathology, Medical Center of Central Georgia, Macon, Georgia 31208, USA
Medical Hypotheses Volume 16, Issue 4, April 1985, Pages 351-354
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…06987785900532 (need to sign in)

Crowley

Epidemiological aspects of an outbreak of encephalomyelitis at the Royal Free Hospital, London, in the summer of 1955
Nuala Crowley, Merran Nelson, and Sybille Stovin 1957
J Hyg (Lond). 1957 March; 55(1): 102–122.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2217874/

Daikos

Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis: an outbreak in a nurses’ school in Athens.
DAIKOS GK, GARZONIS S, PALEOLOGUE A, BOUSVAROS GA, PAPADOYANNAKIS N.
Lancet. 1959 Apr 4;1(7075):693-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13642848 (need to sign in)

Donald

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — Clinical Syndrome? 
Donald A. Henderson, M.D.†, and Alexis Shelokov, M.D.
N Engl J Med 1959; 260:757-764April 9, 1959
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056…95904092601506 (need to sign in)

Dowsett

Myalgic encephalomyelitis a persistent enteroviral infection?
E.G. Dowsettl, A.M. Ramsay, R.A. McCartney and E.J. Bell 1990
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00163-0031.pdf
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/66/777/526.full.pdf

The Epidemiology of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) in the UK – 1919-1999
EG Dowsett J Richardson 1999
(Evidence submitted to the All Party Parliamentary Group of Members of Parliament, EG Dowsett J Richardson. 23 Nov 1999)
http://www.25megroup.org/infomedical…ogy_of_me.html

THE LATE EFFECTS OF ME – Can they be distinguished from the Post-polio syndrome?
Dr. E.G. Dowsett MBChB, Dip Bact. Honorary Consultant Microbiologist, Basildon and Thurrock Hospitals NHS Trust.
(Originally a Presentation to the All Party Group of MPs on ME/PPS on 31st January 2001.)
http://www.ott.zynet.co.uk/polio/lin…effectsme.html

Epidemiol

AN OUTBREAK OF NEUROMYASTHENIA IN A KENTUCKY FACTORY-THE POSSIBLE ROLE OF A BRIEF EXPOSURE TO ORGANIC MERCURY
Am. J. Epidemiol. (1967) 86(3): 756-764
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/86/3/756.full.pdf (need to sign in)

Fegan

Myalgic encephalomyelitis.report of an epidemic
K. G. FEGAN, mb, drcoc, P. O. BEHAN, md, frcp, facp, E. J. BELL, PH.D, MRC.PATH.
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, June 1983
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00078-0017.pdf

Fraumeni

Epidemic neuromyasthenia
Joseph F Fraumeni JR MD Durham NC 1959
Southern Medical Journal. 52(10):1192-1197, October 1959.
http://journals.lww.com/smajournalon…sthenia.6.aspx
http://journals.lww.com/smajournalon…59&issue=10000

Geffen

An Outbreak of Acute Infective Encephalomyelitis in a Residential Home for Nurses in 1956
Dennis Geffen and Susan M. Tracy
Br Med J. 1957 October 19; 2(5050): 904–906.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1962504/

Goodwin

WAS IT BENIGN MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS? (letters to the editor)
C. S. Goodwin, PeterG. R. May, StuartP. B. Donnan, JohnR. Ashton, MarieM. Ogilvie and ChristopherJ. Rolles
(Department of Microbiology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth 6000, Western Australia)
(Shirley Health Centre, Southampton SO9 3ZA and Southampton General Hospital, United Kingdom)
The Lancet Volume 317, Issue 8210, 3 January 1981, Pages 37-38
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(81)90134-3
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…40673681901343 (need to sign in)

Gordon

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis 
Neil Gordon
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
Volume 30, Issue 5, pages 677–682, October 1988
Article first published online: 12 NOV 2008
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1…808.x/abstract (need to sign in)

Goudsmit

Fatigue in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
Ellen M Goudsmit, Bart Stouten, Sandra Howes
Bulletin of the IACFS/ME
http://www.iacfsme.org/BULLETINFALL2…2/Default.aspx

Graybill

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia – A Syndrome or Disease?
Maj John R. Graybill, USAF, MC; Capt Joseph Silva Jr., USAF, MC; Capt Maureen S. O’Brien, USAF, NC; Lt Col James A. Reinarz, USAF, MC
JAMA. 1972;219(11):1440-1443.
The Journal of the American Medical Association
http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/219/11/1440.short (need to sign in)

Henderson

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — Clinical Syndrome? 
Donald A. Henderson, M.D.†, and Alexis Shelokov, M.D.
N Engl J Med 1959; 260:757-764 April 9, 1959
The New England Journal of Medicine.
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056…95904092601506 (need to sign in)

Hill

Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelopathy: the Durban outbreak.
HILL RC, CHEETHAM RW, WALLACE HL.
Lancet. 1959 Apr 4;1(7075):689-93
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13642847 (need to sign in)

Holt

Epidemic neuromyasthenia the sporadic form
George W Holt 1965
American Journal of the Medical Sciences: January 1965 – Volume 219 – Issue 1 – ppg 98-112
http://journals.lww.com/amjmedsci/Ci…c_Form.16.aspx

Byron Hyde (See more of Byron Hyde’s work listed below, in a dedicated section)

AKUREYRI DISEASE (MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS), FORTY YEARS LATER
Byron Hyde , Sverrir Bergmann
The Lancet, Volume 332, Issue 8621, Pages 1191 – 1192, 19 November 1988
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/la…55-3/fulltext# (need to sign in)

Keighley

Sporadic myalgic encephalomyelitis in a rural practice
B. D. KEIGHLEY,mb, mrccp General Practitioner, Balfron, Stirlingshire
E. J. BELL, PH.D, MRC.PATH. Top Grade Virologist, Regional Virus Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, June 1983
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00078-0021.pdf

Levine

A Comparative Review of Systemic and Neurological Symptomatology in 12 Outbreaks Collectively Described as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Epidemic Neuromyasthenia, and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
Nathaniel C. Briggs and Paul H. Levine 1994
http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/conten…ent_1/S32.long (subscription needed)

Concurrent Sick Building Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Epidemic Neuromyasthenia Revisited
Alexander C. Chester and Paul H. Levine 1994
http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/conten…1/S43.full.pdf (subscription needed)

Murdoch

The Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Syndrome 
J C MURDOCH
Family Practice 1988; 5: 302–306.
http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/content/5/4/302.short (need to sign in)

Parish

Early outbreaks of ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’
J. GORDON PARISH M.D., F.R.C.P. (C), D. Phys. Med.
Passmore Edwards Medical Rehabilitation Centre, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 711 -717
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0008.pdf

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia [letter]
J. GORDON PARISH Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, St. Mary’s Hospital, Colchester, Essex
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 4 MAY 1974
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…1975-0054b.pdf

Poole

BENIGN MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS IN NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
J. Hope Pool et al. 1961
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…d&searchtype=a (subscription needed)

Poskanzer

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — An Outbreak in Punta Gorda, Florida
David C. Poskanzer, M.D., Donald A. Henderson, M.D., E. Charles Kunkle, M.D., Seymour S. Kalter, Ph.D., Walter B. Clement, M.D., and James O. Bond, M.D., M.P.H.
N Engl J Med 1957; 257:356-364 August 22, 1957
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056…95708222570802 (need to sign in)

Ramsay

MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS: A Baffling Syndrome With a Tragic Aftermath
A. Melvin Ramsay M.D., Hon Consultant Physician,
Infectious Diseases Dept., Royal Free Hospital
(Pub. 1986)
http://www.meactionuk.org.uk/ramsey.html
http://myalgic-encephalomyelitis.com…say.html#BAFFL

The Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Syndrome
A. Melvin Ramsay M.A. M.D. 1986(?)
http://myalgic-encephalomyelitis.com…msay.html#mono
http://www.hfme.org/wramsay.htm

Myalgic encephalomyelitis a persistent enteroviral infection?
E.G. Dowsettl, A.M. Ramsay, R.A. McCartney and E.J. Bell 1990
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00163-0031.pdf
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/66/777/526.full.pdf

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Postviral Fatigue States: The saga of Royal Free disease [Book]
A. Melvin Ramsay 1986 (1st edition)
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Myalgic-Ence…/dp/0906923999
http://www.amazon.com/Myalgic-enceph…/dp/0906923999
http://www.meassociation.org.uk/?page_id=1285

‘Epidemic neuromyasthenia’ 1955-1978
A. MELVIN RAMSAY M.A., M.D. Infectious Diseases Department, Royal Free Hospital, London 1978
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0015.pdf

THE CLINICAL IDENTITY OF THE MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS SYNDROME (leaflet only)
(Article from a leaflet, which was produced by the M.E. Association around late 1980s early 1990s)
A.Melvin Ramsay M.A. M.D.
http://web.onetel.com/~kickback/THE%…20OF%20ME.html

Clinical and biochemical findings in ten patients with benign myalgic encephalomyelitis [Article]
A. M. Ramsay, A. Rundle
Postgrad Med J1979;55:856-857 doi:10.1136/pgmj.55.650.856
Postgraduate Medical Journal Volume 42, Issue 484
1979
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/55/650/856.abstract (need to sign in)

Richardson A. T.

Electromyographic studies of patients with Epidemic Neuromyasthenia at the Royal Free Hospital.
Richardson A. T.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rheumatology, Royal Free Hospital, London.
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:745 doi:10.1136/pgmj.54.637.745 Session II—Avenues for Exploration
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/745.extract (need to sign in)

Richardson, John

The Epidemiology of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) in the UK – 1919-1999
EG Dowsett J Richardson 1999
(Evidence submitted to the All Party Parliamentary Group of Members of Parliament, EG Dowsett J Richardson. 23 Nov 1999)
http://www.25megroup.org/infomedical…ogy_of_me.html

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: Guidelines for Doctors REVIEW
John Richardson, MB BS
Journal: J of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Vol. 10(1) 2002, pp. 65-80
http://www.name-us.org/DefintionsPag…Guidelines.pdf

Robert

MYOGLOBINAEMIA IN BENIGN MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS (Letters to the Editor)
RobertB. Layzer Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, U.S.A..
The Lancet Volume 317, Issue 8221, 21 March 1981, Page 670
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…40673681915919 (need to sign in)

Ryll

INFECTIOUS VENULITIS. CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME. MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
Erich D. Ryll, M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious & Immunologic Diseases, University of California, Davis
ca. 1994
(From Dr. Ryll’s information for his patients)
http://c4jrme.110mb.com/supplement223.htm

Shelokov

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — An Outbreak of Poliomyelitis-like Illness in Student Nurses 
Alexis Shelokov, M.D., Karl Habel, M.D., Elizabeth Verder, Ph.D.§, and William Welsh, M.D.
N Engl J Med 1957; 257:345-355 August 22, 1957
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM195708222570801 (need to sign in)

Session I—Accounts of Outbreaks: ‘Epidemic neuromyasthenia’, Texas, 1977 
A. Shelokov, D. M. Currie, M. Nelson
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:741 doi:10.1136/pgmj.54.637.741
Postgraduate Medical Journal
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/741.citation (need to sign in)

Repetitive stimulation abnormalities in Epidemic Neuromyasthenia Identification and implications
DM Currie A Shelokov
University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, Texas.
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:746
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 746
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/746.1.extract (need to sign in)

Sigurdsson

A disease epidemic in Iceland simulating poliomyelitis.
SIGURDSSON B, SIGURJONSSON J, SIGURDSSON JH, THORKELSSON J, GUDMUNDSSON KR.
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/52/2/222.long (need to sign in)

CLINICAL FINDINGS SIX YEARS AFTER OUTBREAK OF AKUREYRI DISEASE 
Bjöbn Sigurdsson Dr. med. Iceland, DIRECTOR, INSTITUTE FOR EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ICELAND, REYKJAVÍK and KjartanR. Gudmundsson, Laeknir, Iceland CLINICAL
NEUROLOGIST, REYKJAVÍK, Islande
The Lancet Volume 267, Issue 6926, 26 May 1956, Pages 766-767
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…40673656912363 (need to sign in / purchase)

Simpson

Blood Rheology and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: A Pilot Study
Leslie O. Simpson1†, B. I. Shand1 and R. J. Olds1 1Pathology Department, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
Pathology 1986, Vol. 18, No. 2 , Pages 190-192
http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs…13028609059457 (need to sign in)

Sutton

Ill defined neurological diseases of possible viral origin
R. N. P. SUTTON M.A., D.M., D.Sc., M.R.C.Path., D.C.H.
Withington Hospital, Department of Virology, Manchester M20 8LR
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 747-751
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0044.pdf

Thomas

Epidemiological approaches to ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’: syndromes of unknown aetiology (epidemic myalgic encephalopathies)
MAIR THOMAS M.B., B.Sc., F.R.C.Path., M.F.C.M., D.P.H. 1978
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 768-770
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0065.pdf

Young

ACUTE ANTERIOR POLIOMYELITIS: GYNECOLOGIC SYMPTOMS
By DWIGHT D. YOUNG, M.D. Los Angeles
“DISCUSSION by Donald G. Tollefson, M. D., Los les; Margaret Ange- Schulze, M. D., San Francisco; L. A. Emge, M. D., San Francisco.”
CALIFORNIA AND WESTERN MEDICINE Vol.47, No.2 August 1937
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00378-0019.pdf

—–

Articles Listed by Outbreak

(This is a work in progress, and not all the above articles have been categorised.)

List of 63 epidemic outbreaks of ME:
http://www.name-us.org/ResearchPages…M.E._Epidemics

Reference index of papers published on epidemics of ME 1934-80 (collected by Dr J. Gordon Parish)
(Articles from Dr J. Gordon Parish’s comprehensive index have not been systematically added to this wiki page – Readers should also refer to Parish’s list, if appropriate to their needs.)
http://www.meresearch.org.uk/informa…s1934-1980.pdf

Multiple outbreaks

A Comparative Review of Systemic and Neurological Symptomatology in 12 Outbreaks Collectively Described as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Epidemic Neuromyasthenia, and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
Nathaniel C. Briggs and Paul H. Levine 1994
http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/conten…ent_1/S32.long (subscription needed)

Concurrent Sick Building Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Epidemic Neuromyasthenia Revisited
Alexander C. Chester and Paul H. Levine 1994
http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/conten…1/S43.full.pdf (subscription needed)

‘Epidemic neuromyasthenia’ 1955-1978
A. MELVIN RAMSAY M.A., M.D. Infectious Diseases Department, Royal Free Hospital, London 1978
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0015.pdf

Early outbreaks of ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’ (Outbreaks = Los Angeles, Switzerland, Iceland, Adelaide-Australia, New York State.)
J. GORDON PARISH M.D., F.R.C.P. (C), D. Phys. Med. 1978
Passmore Edwards Medical Rehabilitation Centre, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 711 -717
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0008.pdf

VIRUS MENINGITIS AND ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL APRIL 6, 1957
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…03149-0047.pdf

The Epidemiology of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) in the UK – 1919-1999
EG Dowsett J Richardson 1999
(Evidence submitted to the All Party Parliamentary Group of Members of Parliament, EG Dowsett J Richardson. 23 Nov 1999)
http://www.25megroup.org/infomedical…ogy_of_me.html

Athens

Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis: an outbreak in a nurses’ school in Athens.
DAIKOS GK, GARZONIS S, PALEOLOGUE A, BOUSVAROS GA, PAPADOYANNAKIS N.
Lancet. 1959 Apr 4;1(7075):693-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13642848 (need to sign in)

Birmingham, England.

Disease due to echovirus type 19 in Birmingham, England, 1975: relationship to ‘epidemic neuromyasthenia’ 
A. P. BALL B.Sc., M.B., Ch.B., M.R.C.P.(U.K.)
Department of Communicable and Tropical Diseases, East Birmingham Hospital, Birmingham B9 5ST
Postgraduate Medical Journal (November 1978) 54, 737-740
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0034.pdf

California – Sacramento, Mercy San Juan Hospital in Carmichael

INFECTIOUS VENULITIS. CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME. MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
Erich D. Ryll, M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious & Immunologic Diseases, University of California, Davis
ca. 1994
(From Dr. Ryll’s information for his patients)
http://c4jrme.110mb.com/supplement223.htm

Durbam outbreak

Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelopathy: the Durban outbreak.
HILL RC, CHEETHAM RW, WALLACE HL.
Lancet. 1959 Apr 4;1(7075):689-93
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13642847 (need to sign in)

Florida, Punta Gorda

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — An Outbreak in Punta Gorda, Florida
David C. Poskanzer, M.D., Donald A. Henderson, M.D., E. Charles Kunkle, M.D., Seymour S. Kalter, Ph.D., Walter B. Clement, M.D., and James O. Bond, M.D., M.P.H.
N Engl J Med 1957; 257:356-364 August 22, 1957
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056…95708222570802 (need to sign in)

Iceland (Akureyri disease, Iceland disease)

A disease epidemic in Iceland simulating poliomyelitis.
SIGURDSSON B, SIGURJONSSON J, SIGURDSSON JH, THORKELSSON J, GUDMUNDSSON KR.
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/52/2/222.long (need to sign in)

CLINICAL FINDINGS SIX YEARS AFTER OUTBREAK OF AKUREYRI DISEASE
Bjöbn Sigurdsson Dr. med. Iceland, DIRECTOR, INSTITUTE FOR EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ICELAND, REYKJAVÍK and KjartanR. Gudmundsson, Laeknir, Iceland CLINICAL
NEUROLOGIST, REYKJAVÍK, Islande
The Lancet Volume 267, Issue 6926, 26 May 1956, Pages 766-767
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…40673656912363 (need to sign in / purchase)

AKUREYRI DISEASE (MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS), FORTY YEARS LATER
Byron Hyde , Sverrir Bergmann
The Lancet, Volume 332, Issue 8621, Pages 1191 – 1192, 19 November 1988
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/la…55-3/fulltext# (need to sign in)

Anxiety disorders: a result of long-term chronic fatigue – the psychiatric characteristics of the sufferers of Iceland disease. [Article]
Líndal E, Bergmann S, Thorlacius S, Stefánsson JG.
Department of Psychiatry, National University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland.
Lindal, E. 1; Bergmann, S. 2; Thorlacius, S. 2; Stefansson, J. G. 1
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 96(3):158-162, September 1997.
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica Volume 96, Issue 3, pages 158–162, September 1997
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9300068 (need to sign in)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1…259.x/abstract (need to sign in)

Iceland disease: a new infection simulating acute anterior poliomyelitis. [article]
Neurology. 4(7):506-516, July 1954.
http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/sp-3.4.1b/…CHANNEL=PubMed (need to sign in)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13176669 (need to sign in)

Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis (Akureyri disease, Iceland disease) 
Russell J. Blattner
The Journal of Pediatrics Volume 49, Issue 4 , Pages 504-506, October 1956
http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3…241-2/abstract (need to sign in)

Kentucky

AN OUTBREAK OF NEUROMYASTHENIA IN A KENTUCKY FACTORY-THE POSSIBLE ROLE OF A BRIEF EXPOSURE TO ORGANIC MERCURY 
Am. J. Epidemiol. (1967) 86(3): 756-764
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/86/3/756.full.pdf (need to sign in)

Los Angeles outbreak 1934-1935

ACUTE ANTERIOR POLIOMYELITIS: GYNECOLOGIC SYMPTOMS
By DWIGHT D. YOUNG, M.D. Los Angeles
“DISCUSSION by Donald G. Tollefson, M. D., Los les; Margaret Ange- Schulze, M. D., San Francisco; L. A. Emge, M. D., San Francisco.”
CALIFORNIA AND WESTERN MEDICINE Vol.47, No.2 August 1937
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00378-0019.pdf

Nevada

A cluster of patients with a chronic mononucleosis-like syndrome. Is Epstein-Barr virus the cause?
Holmes GP, Kaplan JE, Stewart JA, Hunt B, Pinsky PF, Schonberger LB 1987
http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/257/17/2297.full.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3033337

Newcastle upon Tyne

BENIGN MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS IN NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
J. Hope Pool et al. 1961
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science…d&searchtype=a (subscription needed)

New York State

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia – Outbreak in a Convent in New York State
Robert M. Albrecht, MD, MPH; Virginia L. Oliver, MD, MPH; David C. Poskanzer, MD, MPH
JAMA. 1964;187(12):904-907. doi: 10.1001/jama.1964.03060250022005
The Journal of the American Medical Association
http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/187/12/904.short (need to sign in)

New Zealand outbreak

Psychiatric symptoms, personality and ways of coping in chronic fatigue syndrome. 
Blakely A., Howard R., Sosich R., Murdoch J.C., Menkes D. and SpearsG.
Psychological Medicine 1991;21: 347 362
http://journals.cambridge.org/action…ne&aid=5013384

General practitioners acceptance of the validity of chronic fatigue syndrome as a diagnosis.
Denz-Penhey H, Murdoch JC.
N Z Med J 1993;106:122-4.

Service delivery for people with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: a pilot action research study. 
Denz-Penhey H, Murdoch JC
Family Practice 1993;10:14-18.
http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/con…/1/14.abstract

Myalgic encephalomyelitis and the general practitioner.
Murdoch J.C.
N Z Family Physician 1984;11: 127 -128.

Myalgic encephalomyelitis (M.E.) syndrome – an analysis of the findings in 200 cases 
Murdoch J.C.
N Z Family Physician 1987;14: 51-54.

Cell-mediated immunity in myalgic encephalomyelitis syndrome.
Murdoch J.C.
N Z Med J 1988;101: 511-512.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?t…1%3A%20511-512

The myalgic encephalomyelitis syndrome.
Murdoch J.C.
Family Practice 1988;5:302-306
http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/con…4/302.abstract

The myalgic encephalomyelitis syndrome.
Murdoch J.C.
N Z Med J 1989;102: 373-4.

Treatment options in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
Murdoch J.C.
N Z Family Physician 1992;19: 77-79.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome A review from the general practice perspective.
Murdoch J.C.
Australian Family Physician 1992;21:1205-6.

An unexplained illness in West Otago.
Poore M, Snow P and Paul C.
NZ Med J 1984 Jun 13;97(757):351-4.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6589518

Red cell shape changes following trigger finger fatigue in subjects with chronic fatigue and healthy controls.
Simpson L.O, Murdoch J.C, Herbison P.
N Z Med J 1993;106:104-7.

Royal Free Hospital

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Postviral Fatigue States: The saga of Royal Free disease [Book]
A. Melvin Ramsay 1986 (1st edition)
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Myalgic-Ence…/dp/0906923999
http://www.amazon.com/Myalgic-enceph…/dp/0906923999
http://www.meassociation.org.uk/?page_id=1285

‘Epidemic neuromyasthenia’ 1955-1978
A. MELVIN RAMSAY M.A., M.D. Infectious Diseases Department, Royal Free Hospital, London 1978
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00263-0015.pdf

Epidemiological aspects of an outbreak of encephalomyelitis at the Royal Free Hospital, London, in the summer of 1955
Nuala Crowley, Merran Nelson, and Sybille Stovin 1957
J Hyg (Lond). 1957 March; 55(1): 102–122.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2217874/

An Outbreak of Encephalomyelitis in the Royal Free Hospital Group, London, in 1955
by THE MEDICAL STAFF OF THE ROYAL FREEHOSPITAL
Br Med J 1957;2:895 (Published 19 October 1957)
http://www.bmj.com/content/2/5050/895.full.pdf

An Outbreak of Acute Infective Encephalomyelitis in a Residential Home for Nurses in 1956
Dennis Geffen and Susan M. Tracy
Br Med J. 1957 October 19; 2(5050): 904–906.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1962504/

Electromyographic studies of patients with Epidemic Neuromyasthenia at the Royal Free Hospital.
Richardson A. T.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rheumatology, Royal Free Hospital, London.
Postgrad Med J 1978;54:745 doi:10.1136/pgmj.54.637.745 Session II—Avenues for Exploration
http://pmj.bmj.com/content/54/637/745.extract (need to sign in)

Royal free disease: perplexity continues [Research Article]
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 294 : 327 doi: 10.1136/bmj.294.6568.327
(Published 7 February 1987)
http://www.bmj.com/content/294/6568/327.extract (need to sign in)

Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelitis
Br Med J. 1978 June 3; 1(6125): 1436–1437
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 3 JUNE 1978
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…604957/?page=1
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…0128-0006b.pdf

Scotland - Ayrshire, rural practise.

Myalgic encephalomyelitis.report of an epidemic
K. G. FEGAN, mb, drcoc, P. O. BEHAN, md, frcp, facp, E. J. BELL, PH.D, MRC.PATH.
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, June 1983
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00078-0017.pdf

Sporadic myalgic encephalomyelitis in a rural practice
B. D. KEIGHLEY,mb, mrccp General Practitioner, Balfron, Stirlingshire
E. J. BELL, PH.D, MRC.PATH. Top Grade Virologist, Regional Virus Laboratory, Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, June 1983
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00078-0021.pdf

Scotland - Scottish general practices, Helensburgh, Firth of Clyde.

Coxsackie B infection in a Scottish general practice
B. D. CALDER, MB, MRCGP General Practitioner, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire
P. J. WARNOCK, B.SC, MB Surgeon Lieutenant, Royal Navy; Trainee General Practitioner, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, January 1984
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00169-0017.pdf

Coxsackie B viruses and the post-viral syndrome: a prospective study in general practice
B.D. CALDER, MRCGP RJ. WARNOCK, BSc, MRCGP R.A. McCARTNEY, FIMLS E.J. BELL, BSc, PhD, MRCPath
Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, January 1987
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00025-0020.pdf

Scotland - West Scotland.

Coxsackie B viruses and myalgic encephalomyelitis
E J Bell PhD MRCPath R A McCartney FIMLS M H Riding BSc MSc Ruchill Hospital, Glasgow G20 9NB
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Volume 81 June 1988
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…00161-0023.pdf

Washington DC

Epidemic Neuromyasthenia — An Outbreak of Poliomyelitis-like Illness in Student Nurses
Alexis Shelokov, M.D., Karl Habel, M.D., Elizabeth Verder, Ph.D.§, and William Welsh, M.D.
N Engl J Med 1957; 257:345-355 August 22, 1957
The New England Journal of Medicine
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM195708222570801 (need to sign in)

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Byron Hyde

(Hyde’s work is listed here, under his own dedicated section, because he has an important body of work in relation to ME research, but much of his work is unpublished and not peer reviewed. Any of his work that is peer reviewed, should be listed in the first section, above)

Nightingale Definition of ME [unpublished]
Byron Hyde 2007
http://www.nightingale.ca/documents/…inition_en.pdf

Thyroid malignancy association with cortical & cubcortical brain SPECT changes in patients presenting with a myalgic encephalomyelitis / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Hyde MD, Byron. Leveille MD Jean. Vaudrey, Sheila. Green, Tracy. 2007
http://www.alasbimnjournal.cl/alasbi…=110&Itemid=94

The Complexities of Diagnosis (Handbook of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – Chapter 3) [Book]
Dr. Byron Hyde
Leonard A. Jason, Patricia A. Fennell, Renee R. Taylor
http://www.nightingale.ca/documents/…fDiagnosis.pdf
http://www.wicfs-me.org/Pdf%20Files/…0Diagnosis.pdf

A new and simple definition of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and a new simple definition of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
& A Brief History of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and an Irreverent History of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
 [Book]
As presented at the London Conference of May 12, 2006
Byron Hyde
http://www.imet.ie/imet_documents/BY…e_red_book.pdf

A New and Simple Definition of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and a New Simple Definition of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Dr. Byron Hyde MD
As presented at the Invest in ME London Conference of May 12, 2006
http://www.investinme.org/Documents/…stinme.org.pdf

Are M.E. and CFS Synonymous Terms?
Paper presented by Dr Byron Marshall Hyde M.D. – Nightingale Research Foundation
New South Wales, February 1998
http://www.ahummingbirdsguide.com/wh…ymousterms.htm

The Clinical and Scientific Basis of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis–Chronic Fatigue Syndrome [Book]
Byron M. Hyde (Author, Editor), Jay A. Goldstein (Author, Editor), P. H. Levine (Editor), Nightingale Research Foundation (Corporate Author)
http://www.amazon.com/Clinical-Scien…f=cm_lmf_tit_1

Missed Diagnoses Myalgic Encephalomyelitis & Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Second Edition [Book]
Byron Hyde MD
http://www.amazon.com/Diagnoses-Myal…f=cm_lmf_tit_2

Göteborg and Malmo, Sweden M.E. Conferences: November 2009 [Presentation]
http://www.nightingale.ca/documents/…Conference.pdf

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